Scientists have produced what they claim is the first comprehensive global-scale analysis of terrestrial areas essential for biodiversity and climate resilience.
Sea ice across the Southern Ocean played a crucial role in controlling atmospheric carbon dioxide levels during times of past climate change.
Radiocarbon dating is set to become more accurate after an international team of scientists recalculated the technique for assessing the age of historical events and objects.
Australian and New Zealand scientists have shown a strong link between human greenhouse gas emissions and the increased melting of glaciers.
The world's deep oceans are warming at a slower rate than the surface, but it's still not good news for deep-sea creatures.
Fresh examination of an Australian fossil has revealed evidence of a newly discovered plant species that existed more than 359 million years ago.
Feeding coral a dose of good bacteria increases their overall health and tolerance to stresses related to climate change, such as rising water temperatures.
Parts of the Eastern Highlands of Victoria may be as young as five million years old — not 90 million years old as previously thought.
Researchers have created a new technique that speeds up the development of seeds, producing better quality and more abundant pulse crops as a result.
A large proportion of the elements that are essential to the formation of oceans and life — such as water, carbon and nitrogen — only came to Earth very late in its history.
An international team of researchers has found that methane emissions from human fossil sources are at least 25% higher than previously estimated.
Researchers have developed a new technology for removing oil from water sources, creating textiles with surface properties that passively skim off the oil and move it into a floating container.
Over 50 different studies show links between human-induced climate change and increased frequency or severity of fire weather.
The Ecological Society of Australia is calling for governments, universities and industry to stop the censorship and suppression of science and scientists.
Scientists warn that "untold human suffering" is unavoidable without deep and lasting shifts in human activities that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and other factors related to climate change.