A large proportion of the elements that are essential to the formation of oceans and life — such as water, carbon and nitrogen — only came to Earth very late in its history.
An international team of researchers has found that methane emissions from human fossil sources are at least 25% higher than previously estimated.
Researchers have developed a new technology for removing oil from water sources, creating textiles with surface properties that passively skim off the oil and move it into a floating container.
Over 50 different studies show links between human-induced climate change and increased frequency or severity of fire weather.
The Ecological Society of Australia is calling for governments, universities and industry to stop the censorship and suppression of science and scientists.
Scientists warn that "untold human suffering" is unavoidable without deep and lasting shifts in human activities that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and other factors related to climate change.
The adhesive properties of mussels, and the possibility of their use in a wide range of surface engineering applications, have been detailed by US and Chinese researchers.
Researchers have discovered a gene that determines whether roots grow deep or shallow in the soil — and could be altered to help plants adapt to changing climates.
Ovarian reserve — a marker of potential female fertility based on the number of resting follicles in the ovary — has been found in a large-scale study to be adversely affected by high levels of air pollution.
The leaves of three Southeast Asian plants are effective in stopping the growth of seven types of cancer. Anticancer properties were also demonstrated in three other medicinal plants.
Pluto's atmosphere is predicted to ultimately collapse and freeze over, according to almost three decades' worth of research from an international team of scientists.
More than half of all large ice-free coastal areas of Antarctica have now been disturbed by human activity.
Researchers have been looking at how different environments provide opportunities for animal-to-human diseases to interact with and infect new host species, including humans.
The Australian Antarctic Program is leading an ambitious project to search for the Earth's longest continuous ice core climate record from deep inside an Antarctic ice sheet.
Scientists spent the summer in a temporary lab set up on a remote Antarctic ice sheet, investigating a natural 'atmospheric detergent' that cleans the air of greenhouse gases.