Researchers have discovered a gene that determines whether roots grow deep or shallow in the soil — and could be altered to help plants adapt to changing climates.
Ovarian reserve — a marker of potential female fertility based on the number of resting follicles in the ovary — has been found in a large-scale study to be adversely affected by high levels of air pollution.
The leaves of three Southeast Asian plants are effective in stopping the growth of seven types of cancer. Anticancer properties were also demonstrated in three other medicinal plants.
Pluto's atmosphere is predicted to ultimately collapse and freeze over, according to almost three decades' worth of research from an international team of scientists.
More than half of all large ice-free coastal areas of Antarctica have now been disturbed by human activity.
Researchers have been looking at how different environments provide opportunities for animal-to-human diseases to interact with and infect new host species, including humans.
The Australian Antarctic Program is leading an ambitious project to search for the Earth's longest continuous ice core climate record from deep inside an Antarctic ice sheet.
Scientists spent the summer in a temporary lab set up on a remote Antarctic ice sheet, investigating a natural 'atmospheric detergent' that cleans the air of greenhouse gases.
A robotic rover deployed in the most Mars-like environment on Earth, Chile's Atacama Desert, has recovered subsurface soil samples during a trial mission to find signs of life.
A catastrophic threat exists to 40% of species over the next 100 years, with butterflies, moths, dragonflies, bees, ants and dung beetles most at risk.
Scientists discover how 'twin' plants with identical genes, grown in identical environments, continue to display unique characteristics all of their own.
New research led by Museums Victoria has overturned previous theories about how the biodiversity of our oceans evolved.
More than two-thirds of water users are unaware of the threat posed by marine pests, according to a recent survey by Parks Victoria.
The Di Bak Parkinsonia fungal bioherbicide has become the first woody weed bioherbicide to be granted federal regulatory approval.
Dr Ana Hranilovic has discovered that certain strains of naturally occurring yeasts have beneficial effects in wine production.