2021 State of the Environment report "confronting": Plibersek
The 2021 State of the Environment report was released today by Minister for the Environment and Water Tanya Plibersek, who described the report in a National Press Club speech as one of the most important documents in environmental science, albeit one of the most confronting.
A comprehensive assessment of the state of Australia’s environment, produced every five years by some of our most respected scientists on behalf of the federal government, the report is an independent and evidence-based review that is mandated by the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). The 2021 report was originally presented to the previous Environment Minister, Sussan Ley, in December last year but until now had not been released to the public — with Plibersek saying the Morrison government deliberately chose not to release the less-than-flattering results prior to the federal election.
“It’s right there on page one of the report — ‘Overall, the state and trend of the environment in Australia are poor and deteriorating’ — with ‘abrupt changes in ecological systems being recorded in the past five years’,” Plibersek said. “And it’s downhill from there.”
Since the last report, Plibersek said:
- Threatened communities have grown by 20%, with places literally burned into endangerment.
- The Murray Darling fell to its lowest water level on record (in 2019).
- Australia now has more foreign plant species than native ones.
- Marine heatwaves have caused mass coral bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef.
- Warming temperatures have reduced kelp beds along the south-east coast, as well as threatening reef habitats and the abalone and lobster industries they support.
This is in addition to the news that Australia has lost “more mammal species to extinction than any other continent”, Plibersek said, with the koala perilously close to joining them as it was officially moved from ‘threatened’ to ‘endangered’ in Queensland, NSW and the ACT in February this year.
Plibersek added that Australia’s soil is generally in poor condition — and getting worse — as a result of erosion, deforestation (clearing over 7.7 million hectares of threatened species habitat between the years 2000 and 2017), intensive agriculture and climate change. This means the soil’s ability to regenerate and support life is diminished, and our agricultural output is lower than it could be.
“Australia’s environment is bad and getting worse, as this report shows,” Plibersek said. “And much of the destruction outlined in the State of the Environment report will take years to turn around.”
Nevertheless, Plibersek said she was optimistic about the steps the government can take over the next three years, stating that she will be guided by three essential goals:
- To protect, to restore and to manage Australia’s environment.
- To protect our environment and heritage for the future.
- To restore environments that have already been damaged.
She also referenced an official review into the EPBC Act by Professor Graeme Samuel, which was presented to the Morrison government almost two years ago and said the Act was “outdated”, “ineffective” and “not fit to address current or future environmental challenges”. She said the Albanese government will formally respond to the Samuel Review by the end of the year, with the aim of developing new environmental legislation for 2023.
To view the report in full, visit https://soe.dcceew.gov.au/.
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