The effectiveness of current treatments for melanoma could be improved by using approaches that wipe out the 'survival system' of cancer cells.
MPA, the active ingredient in the common contraceptive injection Depo-Provera, can prevent the development of cervical cancer in mice with precancerous lesions.
Scientists have discovered a promising mix of four components, called C2, that can kill tumour cells while leaving healthy cells undamaged.
Scientists have confirmed a new subtype of HIV, called HIV-1 group M subtype L — the first new subtype of 'group M' HIV virus to be identified since 2000.
Consumption of alcohol should be avoided during pregnancy and even before conception, according to new research.
Monash University researchers have discovered how a key immune system pathway causes inflammation in people with diabetes.
The receptors that cause irritated, itchy skin also exist in the human gut. These receptors activate neurons, which cause IBS patients to experience chronic gut pain.
The effects of maternal obesity pass across generations to offspring, accelerating the rate of ageing of metabolic problems that occur in normal life.
Wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) is the second strain of the poliovirus to be wiped out, following the certification of the eradication of WPV2 in 2015.
Risk of prostate cancer is higher in men who carry the BRCA2 gene fault, as well as those who have pursued assisted reproduction due to infertility.
A brain chemical could be responsible for triggering heart disease and high blood pressure in people with the snoring condition obstructive sleep apnoea.
Researchers have shown that a child's intake of gluten at age 18 months is associated with a 46% increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes for each extra 10 g of gluten consumed per day.
The dipeptide leucine–histidine (LH) — found in fermented foods such as blue cheese and natto (fermented soy beans) — plays a role in suppressing microglial activation and depression-associated emotional disturbances.
Researchers have found a causal relationship between depression and 20 distinct diseases, including asthma, coronary heart disease, high cholesterol, oesophagitis, gastroenteritis, E. coli infections and urinary system disorders.
Two separate studies have uncovered explanations for why pancreatic cancers are so difficult to contain — and suggested innovative new methods to combat this.