A research team has mapped the unique genetic profile of the skeleton's 'master regulator' cells, outlining the genes that are switched on or off in osteocytes.
A small proportion of women who receive anti-oestrogen treatment after breast cancer surgery have worse outcomes, as a result of mutations in the oestrogen receptor gene.
Researchers have reportedly recovered the nuclear DNA of several Neanderthal individuals from the sediment of two Siberian caves and the Galería de las Estatuas.
The woman known to researchers as Zlatý kůň displayed longer stretches of Neanderthal DNA than the 45,000-year-old Ust'-Ishim individual from Siberia.
A gene defect linked to Parkinson's disease may also impair the process that generates neurons in the brain throughout a person's lifetime.
A Canadian research team has successfully identified how environmental information is transmitted by non-DNA molecules in the sperm.
An international research team is shedding light on the genetic links between eating disorders, mental illnesses and body weight regulation.
An international team of scientists has demonstrated that a retrovirus invading the koala germline explains the high frequency of koala cancer.
A unique brain protein measured in the blood could be used to diagnose Alzheimer's disease decades before symptoms develop, according to new research.
Researchers have revealed that resting during a holiday period restores functions associated with DNA regulation in shift workers suffering from sleep deprivation.
An international research team has revealed that mutations in a gene known to underlie a rare skin disorder also lead to a serious heart disease.
Researchers have used CRISPR gene-editing technology to produce mosquitoes that are unable to replicate Zika virus and therefore cannot infect humans through biting.
Scientists have studied the phenomenon of the placebo effect in the context of nausea, and identified specific proteins that correlate with its favourable impact.
Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified three major molecular subtypes of Alzheimer's disease using data from RNA sequencing.
An infant's odd case of rare encephalitis has led researchers to discover never-before-seen genetic mutations and a technique to examine the gene responsible for immunity.